Drug rehab is often a multi-step process which begins with medical detox, followed by therapy and relapse prevention. Detox enables the cessation of drug use, with medications and medical support available to alleviate withdrawal symptoms and stabilize the patient.
Drug rehab involves various medical and psychotherapeutic programs to treat the precedents of drug addiction, including many based on behavioral principles. At Drug Treatment Centers Stamford, we customize our treatment programs to best fit the needs of each patient. For more information about our drug rehab programs and treatment services, call and speak to and addiction specialist at (203)-883-9243.
An addiction is defined as the compulsive consumption of a psychoactive substance despite the existence of negative consequences. Addictions affect people from all walks of life, with common addictive substances including alcohol, prescription medications and illicit drugs.
Most prescription drug abuse falls into three categories: opioids, central nervous system (CNS) depressants, and stimulants. Commonly abused illegal drugs include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana, MDMA and ketamine. Behavioral addictions are also possible, with typical examples including sex addiction, gambling addiction, Internet addiction, exercise addiction and food addiction.
For a substance or behavior to be classified as an addiction, it has to be both positively reinforcing and intrinsically rewarding. Most psychoactive substances meet these criteria, as drugs affect reward pathways in the brain and alter neuroplasticity over time. The extended use of drugs often leads to tolerance and withdrawal symptoms, with both physical-somatic and emotional-motivational symptoms possible upon drug discontinuation.
Addiction exacts a high toll on individuals and society, with a wide array of health and social problems known to result from drug addictions. Typical hallmarks of addiction include continued use despite adverse consequences, uncontrolled consumption, preoccupation with substance use and denial.
Before someone is admitted into a drug rehab program, clinicians will evaluate them for secondary addictions and dual diagnosis conditions. Secondary substance addictions are common, with behavioral addictions also accompanying drug dependence in many situations. Dependence on multiple psychoactive substances can cause additional complications, with overdose more likely for poly-drug users and treatment options often limited due to potentially dangerous drug interactions.
Dual diagnosis describes the co-existence of a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder, with patients also evaluated for co-occurring conditions before receiving treatment. Typical dual diagnosis interactions include depression and alcoholism, anxiety disorders and opioid abuse, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcoholism.
Drugs may cause physical or mental dependence, with a physical or psychological withdrawal syndrome possible upon discontinuation. While the majority of physically addictive drugs also cause psychological dependence, the opposite is not the case. Examples of drugs that cause physical dependence include heroin, prescription opioids, benzodiazepines like Valium and Xanax, and alcohol.
Examples of drugs that cause psychological dependence include cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana and MDMA. Drugs that cause physical withdrawal symptoms always require medical detoxification, with many psychological addictions also benefiting from a detox period. The rehabilitation phase of treatment is generally administered after detox is complete, with behavior therapy and counseling initiated to treat the precedents of addiction.
Intervention is the process of confronting a person with the objective of getting them into drug treatment. A range of different intervention models are possible, with some people benefiting from direct intervention and others from an indirect approach. The friends and family members of substance users are largely responsible for interventions, with professional intervention counselors also available from some treatment centers. Formal and informal interventions are both possible, with counselors able to support or facilitate the process.
If someone you know requires intervention or drug rehab, it’s important to contact the treatment professionals at Drug Treatment Centers Stamford for help. We can guide you through every step of the process. Dial (203)-883-9243 today.